The following list includes species names that are accepted in the genus Penicillium on 6 October 2014. This list is updated from previous lists published by Pitt & Samson (1993) and Pitt et al. (2000) and was published in Visagie et al. (2014). This revision was considered necessary following changes made to the ICN and the move to single name nomenclature (McNeill et al. 2012), the large number of species described since the 2000 list and new taxonomic information provided by molecular data.
The most dramatic changes in Penicillium are the incorporation of Eupenicillium and several other genera as synonyms (Houbraken & Samson 2011), and the transfer of species of the former Penicillium subgenus Biverticillium species to Talaromyces (Samson et al. 2011). Aspergillus paradoxus, A. crystallinus and A. malodoratus were shown to belong to Penicillium and were transferred in Visagie et al. (2014). Several species described as Penicillium belongs to other genera and not to Penicillium. For a list of these species, refer to Visagie et al. (2014).
Even though the updating of the accepted species list began for nomenclatural purposes, we aim to make this list more functional by including additional information linked to the species names. The list thus includes MycoBank numbers where complete nomenclatural data can be obtained, collection numbers of ex-type strains for future taxonomists requiring authenticated reference material, the species current sectional classification, and GenBank accession numbers for ITS barcodes and, where available, alternative molecular identification markers for BenA, CaM and RPB2.
Despite the considerable amount of time and effort spent on completing this list, there is the possibility of errors or oversights. As such we solicit and gratefully accept any comments on missing names, errors or new data that has become available, especially when publishing a new species. We would also appreciate suggestions for making the list more useful.
When using information provided in this list, please cite Visagie et al. (2014).
Penicillium Link, Mag. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 16, 1809. MycoBank MB9257.
= Coremium Link, Mag. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 19, 1809, fide Raper & Thom 1949, Seifert & Samson 1985. [MB7782]. anamorphic synonym.
= Floccaria Grev., Scott. crypt. fl.: pl. 301, 1827, fide Seifert & Samson 1985. [MB8260]. anamorphic synonym.
?= Hormodendrum Bonord., Handbuch allg. Mykol.: 76, 1851 fide de Hoog & Hermanides-Nijhof 1977, but see Hughes 1958. [MB8558]. anamorphic synonym.
?= Walzia Sorokin, Trudy Obshch. Ispyt. Prir. Imp. Kharkov: 47, 1871, fide Constantin 1888. [MB10429]. anamorphic synonym.
= Pritzeliella Henn., Hedwigia Beibl.42: 88, 1903, fide Clements & Shear 1931. [MB9529]. anamorphic synonym.
= Eupenicillium F. Ludw., Lehrbuch der Niederen Kryptogamen: 263, 1892, fide Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB1933]. teleomorphic synonym.
= Citromyces Wehmer, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 11: 333, 1893, fide Thom 1930. [MB7672]. anamorphic synonym.
= Aspergillopsis Sopp, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana Math.-Nat. Kl. 11: 204, 1912, non Aspergillopsis Speg. 1910, fide Pitt 1979. [MB22043]. anamorphic synonym.
= Carpenteles Langeron, Crypt. Fr. Exs.: 344, 1922, fide Stolk & Scott 1967. [MB826]. teleomorphic synonym (= Eupenicillium).
= Torulomyces Delitsch, Systematik der Schimmelpilze: 91, 1943, fide Stolk & Samson 1983, Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB10252]. anamorphic synonym.
= Eladia Smith, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 44: 47, 1961, fide Samson 1981, Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB8134]. anamorphic synonym.
= Thysanophora Kendrick, Can. J. Bot. 39: 820, 1961, fide Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB10230]. anamorphic synonym.
= Hemicarpenteles Sarbhoy & Elphick, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 51: 156, 1968, fide Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB2279]. teleomorphic synonym.
= Penicillium Link ex Gray sensu Pitt, The Genus Penicillium: 154, 1979 (nom. inval., art 13e). anamorphic synonym.
= Chromocleista Yaguchi & Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 34: 101, 1993, fide Houbraken & Samson 2011. [MB25855]. teleomorphic synonym.