The two genera Aspergillus and Penicillium are well-known and have been studied for centuries. Species of Penicillium and Aspergillus have always attracted much attention because numerous species of these genera have important implications in applied research, including medical aspects, toxicology, spoilage and biotechnology. Taxonomies produced in the last century were based on phenotypical characters but new polyphasic approaches are carried out using molecular, biochemical in combination with various phenotypical characters have shown detailed species profiles which are in accordance with ecological characteristics.
The International Commission of Penicillium and Aspergillus coordinate taxonomic research and was established by the IUMS Mycology Division (now Division of Mycology and Eukaryotic Microbiology – MEM).
ICPA discussed the single name nomenclature in Penicillium and Aspergillus. On Saturday April 14 2012 the commission came together and decided about the single naming in Penicillium and Aspergillus. Read more >
Nomenclatural papers dealing with the accepted species lists were published for Aspergillus (Samson et al. 2014), Penicillium (Visagie et al. 2014) and Talaromyces (Yilmaz et al. 2014) and can be download from the links provided.