Penicillium sacculum E. Dale, Ann. Mycol. 24: 137, 1926 ≡ Eladia saccula (E. Dale) G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 44: 47, 1961. [MB277209]. — type: CBS 231.61 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 231.61 = ATCC 18350 = IFO 8114 = IFO 9454 = IMI 051498 = LSHBBB298 = UC4505. sect Eladia. ITS barcode: KC411707 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834488; CaM = KU896849; RPB2 = JN121462).

Penicillium sajarovii Quintan., Av. Aliment. Majora Anim. 22: 539, 1981. [MB114172]. — type: CBS 277.83 (neotype, Frisvad et al. 1990a). ex-type: CBS 277.83 = CECT 2751 = IMI 259992. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: KC411724 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834489; CaM = KJ867007; RPB2 = JN406588).

Penicillium salamii Perrone, Frisvad, Samson & Houbraken, Int. J. Food Microbiol. 193: 93, 2015. [MB809645]. — type: CBS H-21341 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 135391 = DTO 198-E1 = ITEM 15291. sect Brevicompacta. ITS barcode: HG514431 (alternative markers: BenA = HG514437; CaM = HG514432; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium salmoniflumine S.W. Peterson, Ž. Jurjević & Frisvad, PLoS ONE 10: e0121987-p21, 2015. [MB807374]. — type: BPI 881286 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 35837 = IBT 29673. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: KF932960 (alternative markers: BenA = KF932928; CaM = KF932945; RPB2 = KF932999).

Penicillium samsonianum L. Wang, Frisvad, Hyang B. Lee & Houbraken, Persoonia 36: 313, 2016. [MB815873]. — type: HMAS 245107 (holotype). ex-type: AS 3.15403 = CBS 138919 = IBT 33392 = DTO 316-B7. sect Osmophila. ITS barcode: KJ668590 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ668582; CaM = KJ668582; RPB2 = KT698899).

Penicillium sanguifluum (Sopp) Biourge, Cellule 33: 105, 1923 ≡ Citromyces sanguifluus Sopp, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana Math.-Nat. Kl. 11: 115, 1912. [MB356682]. — type: CBS H-20645 (neotype, Houbraken et al. 2011b). ex-type: CBS 127032 = IBT 29041. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617681 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606819; CaM = JN606555; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium saturniforme (L. Wang & W.Y. Zhuang) Houbraken & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 48, 2011 ≡ Eupenicillium saturniforme L. Wang & W.Y. Zhuang Mycopathologia 167: 300, 2009. [MB561958]. — type: AS 3.6886 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 122276 = AS 3.6886. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: EU644081 (alternative markers: BenA = EU644080; CaM = EU644062; RPB2 = JN121439).

Penicillium scabrosum Frisvad, Samson & Stolk, Persoonia 14: 177, 1990. [MB136735]. — type: IMI 285533 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 683.89 = FRR 2950 = IBT 3736 = IMI 285533 = DAOM 214786. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: DQ267906 (alternative markers: BenA = DQ285610; CaM = FJ530987; RPB2 = JN406541).

Penicillium sclerotigenum W. Yamam., Sci. Rep. Hyogo Univ Agric. 1: 69, 1955. [MB302424]. — type: IMI 68616 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 101033 = CBS 343.59 = ATCC 18488 = IBT 14346 = IFO 6167 = IMI 068616 = NRRL 3461 = QM 7779. sect Penicillium. ITS barcode: AF033470 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674393; CaM = KU896850; RPB2 = JN406652).

Penicillium sclerotiorum J.F.H. Beyma, Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenk., Abt.2 96: 418, 1937. [MB277708]. — type: IMI 40569 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 287.36 = ATCC 10494 = IFO 6105 = IMI 040569 = NRRL 2074 = QM 1938 = VKMF-353. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: JN626132 (alternative markers: BenA = JN626001; CaM = JN626044; RPB2 = JN406585).

Penicillium senticosum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 5, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium senticosum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 5, 1968. [MB335764]. — type: CBS 316.67 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 316.67 = ATCC 18623 = CSIR 1042 = IMI 136211 = IMI 216905. sect Eladia. ITS barcode: KC411733 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834490; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium shearii Stolk & D.B. Scott, Persoonia 4: 396, 1967 ≡ Eupenicillium shearii Stolk & D.B. Scott, Persoonia 4: 396, 1967. [MB335765]. — type: CBS 290.48 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 290.48 = ATCC 10410 = IFO 6088 = IMI 039739 = IMI 039739iv = NRRL 715 = QM 1870. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944606 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606840; CaM = EU644068; RPB2 = JN121482).

Penicillium shennangjianum H.Z. Kong & Z.T. Qi, Mycosystema 1: 110, 1988. [MB119509]. — type: CBS 228.89 (neotype, Frisvad et al. 1990a). ex-type: CBS 228.89. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: KC411705 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834491; CaM = AY678561; RPB2 = JN121458).

Penicillium simile Davolos et al., Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62: 457, 2012. [MB509645]. — type: ATCC MYA-4591 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 129191 = ATCC MYA-4591. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: FJ376592 (alternative markers: BenA = FJ376595; CaM = GQ979710; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium simplicissimum (Oudem.) Thom, Penicillia: 335, 1930 ≡ Spicaria simplicissima Oudem., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 2: 763, 1902. [MB278201]. — type: CUP 5921 (neotype, Jensen 1912). ex-type: CBS 372.48 = ATCC 10495 = FRR 902 = IFO 5762 = IMI 039816 = QM 1939. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981588 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981632; CaM = KF296368; RPB2 = JN121507).

Penicillium sinaicum Udagawa & S. Ueda, Mycotaxon 14: 266, 1982 ≡ Eupenicillium sinaicum Udagawa & S. Ueda, Mycotaxon 14: 266, 1982. [MB110862]. — type: NHL 2894 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 279.82 = NHL 2894. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: JX997090 (alternative markers: BenA = JX996846; CaM = JX996970; RPB2 = JN406587).

Penicillium singorense Visagie, Seifert & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 78: 119, 2014. [MB809182]. — type: CBS H-21802 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 138214 = DTO 133C6. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KJ775674 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ775167; CaM = KJ775403; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium sizovae Baghd., Novosti Sist. Nizsh. Rast. 5: 103, 1968. [MB335767]. — type: CBS 413.69 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 413.69 = FRR 518 = IMI 140344 = VKMF-1073. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944588 (alternative markers: BenA = GU944535; CaM = GU944618; RPB2 = JN606603).

Penicillium skrjabinii Schmotina & Golovleva, Mikol. Fitopatol. 8: 530, 1974. [MB319296]. — type: IMI 196528 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 439.75 = NRRL 13055 = FRR 1945 = IMI 196528 = VKMF-1940. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981576 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981626; CaM = KF296370; RPB2 = EU427252).

Penicillium smithii Quintan., Av. Aliment. Majora Anim. 23: 340, 1982. [MB114173]. — type: CBS 276.83 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 276.83 = CECT 2744 = IMI 259693. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411723 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834492; CaM = KP016806; RPB2 = JN406589).

Penicillium solitum Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 65, 1911. [MB206172]. — type: CBS 424.89 (neotype, Frisvad et al. 1990b). ex-type: CBS 424.89 = ATCC 9923 = CBS 288.36 = FRR 937 = IBT 3948 = IFO 7765 = IMI 039810 = IMI 092225 = LSHBP 52 = MUCL 28668 = MUCL 29173 = NRRL 937. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AY373932 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674354; CaM = KU896851; RPB2 = KU904363).

Penicillium soppii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 476, 1927. [MB121424]. — type: IMI 40217 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 226.28 = ATCC 10496 = FRR 2023 = IFO 7766 = IMI 040217 = MUCL 29233 = NRRL 2023 = QM 1964 = IBT 18220. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: AF033488 (alternative markers: BenA = DQ285616; CaM = KJ867002; RPB2 = JN406606).

Penicillium spathulatum Frisvad & Samson, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 339: 88, 2013. [MB492650]. — type: CBS 117192 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 117192 = IBT 22220. sect Brevicompacta. ITS barcode: JX313165 (alternative markers: BenA = JX313183; CaM = JX313149; RPB2 = JN406636).

Penicillium spinulosum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 76, 1910. [MB215401]. — type: IMI 24316i (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 374.48 = ATCC 10498 = FRR 1750 = IMI 024316 = LSHBAd 29 = MUCL 13910 = MUCL 13911 = NCTC 591 = NRRL 1750 = QM 7654. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: AF033410 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834493; CaM = GQ367524; RPB2 = JN406558).

Penicillium steckii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 469, 1927. [MB278769]. — type: IMI 40583 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 260.55 = ATCC 10499 = CECT 2268 = DSM1252 = IMI 040583 = NRRL 2140 = QM 6413. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944597 (alternative markers: BenA = GU944522; CaM = GU944611; RPB2 = JN606602).

Penicillium sterculiniicola Houbraken, Stud. Mycol. 78: 436, 2014. [MB809973]. — type: CBS H-21877 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 122426 = DTO 031-A4. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189464 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088693; CaM = KM089078; RPB2 = KM089465).

Penicillium stolkiae D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 8, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium stolkiae D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 8, 1968. [MB335768]. — type: CBS 315.67 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 315.67 = ATCC 18546 = CSIR 1041 = FRR 534 = IMI 136210 = NRRL 5816. sect Stolkia. ITS barcode: AF033444 (alternative markers: BenA = JN617717; CaM = AF481135; RPB2 = JN121488).

Penicillium striatisporum Stolk, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 35: 268, 1969. [MB335769]. — type: CBS 705.68 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 705.68 = ATCC 22052 = CCRC 31679 = FRR 827 = IMI 151749 = MUCL 31202. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF038938 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141156; CaM = KP016807; RPB2 = JN406538).

Penicillium subarcticum S.W. Peterson & Sigler, Mycol. Res. 106: 1116, 2002. [MB483983]. — type: BPI 841397 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 111719 = NRRL 31108 = UAMH 3897. sect Stolkia. ITS barcode: AF481120 (alternative markers: BenA = JN617716; CaM = AF481141; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium sublateritium Biourge, Cellule 33: 315, 1923. [MB279265]. — type: IMI 40594 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 267.29 = ATCC 10502 = FRR 2071 = IFO 6107 = IMI 040594 = LSHBP 55 = MUCL 28655 = NRRL 2071 = QM 7652 = NBRC 6107. sect Ramigena. ITS barcode: EU427288 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091557; CaM = AB566102; RPB2 = JN406590).

Penicillium sublectaticum Houbraken, et al., Stud. Mycol. 78: 436, 2014. [MB809974]. — type: CBS H-21955 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 138217 = DTO 244-G2. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189761 (alternative markers: BenA = KM089010; CaM = KM089397; RPB2 = KM089784).

Penicillium subrubescens Houbraken et al., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 103: 1354, 2013. [MB801306]. — type: CBS H-21029 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 132785 = DTO 188D6 = FBCC 1632 = IBT 31985. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KC346350 (alternative markers: BenA = KC346327; CaM = KC346330; RPB2 = KC346306).

Penicillium subspinulosum Houbraken, Stud. Mycol. 78: 436, 2014. [MB809975]. — type: CBS H-21856 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 137946 = DTO 041-F2. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189483 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088719; CaM = KM089104; RPB2 = KM089491).

Penicillium subturcoseum Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 105, 2016. [MB811008]. — type: CBS H-22041 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 139132 = DAOMC 241096 = DTO 180-C9. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: FJ231006 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141161; CaM = JX157532; RPB2 = KP064674).

Penicillium sucrivorum Visagie & K. Jacobs, Mycologia 106: 546, 2014. [MB804723]. — type: CBS H-21331 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 135116 = DAOM 241042 = DTO 183E5. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JX140872 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141015; CaM = JX141506; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium sumatraense Szilvinyi [as ‘sumatrense’], Archiv. Hydrobiol. 14 Suppl. 6: 535, 1936. [MB319297]. — type: CBS 281.36 (lectotype, Houbraken et al. 2011b). ex-type: CBS 281.36 = NRRL 779 = FRR 779. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944578 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606639; CaM = JN606368; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium svalbardense Frisvad, Sonjak & Gundae-Cim, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 92: 48, 2007. [MB529943]. — type: EX-F 1307 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 122416 = IBT 23856. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981603 (alternative markers: BenA = KC346325; CaM = KC346338; RPB2 = KF296457).

Penicillium swiecickii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 474, 1927. [MB534781]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 119391 = FRR 918 = IBT 27865 = IMI 191500 = NRRL 918. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: AF033490 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834494; CaM = KJ866993; RPB2 = JN406635).

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