*Penicillium raciborskii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 454, 1927. [MB276002]. — type: IMI 40568. ex-type: CBS 224.28 = ATCC 10488 = DSM2422 = FRR 2150 = IFO 7676 = IMI 040568 = LSHBP 92 = MUCL 29246 = NRRL 2150. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033447 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141069; CaM = KP016800; RPB2 = JN406607).

*Penicillium radiatolobatum Lörinczi, Publ. Soc. Nat. Rom. Pent. Stiinta Sol. 10B: 435, 1972. [MB114326]. — type: CBS H-7530. ex-type: CBS 340.79. sectCanescentia. ITS barcode: KC411745 (alternative markers: BenA = n.a.; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium radicicola Overy & Frisvad, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 26: 633, 2003. [MB488233]. — type: C 60161. ex-type: CBS 112430 = IBT 10696. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: KJ834516 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674357; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium raistrickii G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 18: 90, 1933. [MB276069]. — type: IMI 40221. ex-type: CBS 261.33 = ATCC 10490 = FRR 1044 = IFO 6104 = IMI 040221 = LSHBB100 = NRRL 1044 = NRRL 2039 = QM 1936 = VKMF-337. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: AY373927 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834485; CaM = KJ867006; RPB2 = JN406592).

*Penicillium ramusculum Bat. & H. Maia, Anais Soc. Biol. Pernambuco 13: 27, 1955. [MB302419]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 251.56 = ATCC 12292 = FRR 3459 = IMI 063546 = IMUR478 = LSHBBB324 = NRRL 3459 = QM 7057. sect Ramigena. ITS barcode: EF433765 (alternative markers: BenA = EU427269; CaM = EU427278; RPB2 = JN121472).

*Penicillium ranomafanaense Houbraken & Hagen, Stud. Mycol. 78: 433, 2014. [MB809971]. — type: CBS H-21862. ex-type: CBS 137953 = DTO 085-A5. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189541 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088779; CaM = KM089164; RPB2 = KM089551).

*Penicillium raperi G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 40: 486, 1957. [MB302421]. — type: IMI 71625. ex-type: CBS 281.58 = ATCC 22355 = IFO 8179 = IMI 071625 = LSHBBB338 = NRRL 2674 = QM 7527. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: AF033433 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981622; CaM = KF296399; RPB2 = KF296453).

*Penicillium raphiae Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 114, 2011. [MB563203]. — type: CBS H-20660. ex-type: CBS 126234 = IBT 22407. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617673 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606657; CaM = JN606409; RPB2 = JN606619).

*Penicillium repensicola Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 102, 2016. [MB811006]. — type: CBS H-22047. ex-type: CBS 139160 = DAOMC 241080 = DTO 183-B8. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JX140893 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141150; CaM = JX157490; RPB2 = KP064660).

*Penicillium restingae J.P. Andrade et al., Persoonia 32: 293, 2014. [MB807051]. — type: CMR H-12. ex-type: URM 7075. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: KF803355 (alternative markers: BenA = KF803349; CaM = KF803352; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium restrictum J.C. Gilman & E.V. Abbott, Iowa St. Coll. J. Sci. 1: 297, 1927. [MB276289]. — type: IMI 40228. ex-type: CBS 367.48 = ATCC 11257 = FRR 1748 = IMI 040228 = NRRL 1748 = QM 1962. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033457 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834486; CaM = KP016803; RPB2 = JN121506).

*Penicillium reticulisporum Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 9: 52, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium reticulisporum Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 9: 52, 1968. [MB335763]. — type: NHL 6105. ex-type: CBS 122.68 = ATCC 18566 = IFO 9024 = IMI 136700 = NHL 6105 = NRRL 3447. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: AF033437 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981665; CaM = KF296391; RPB2 = KF296454).

*Penicillium ribium Frisvad & Overy, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56: 1436, 2006. [MB501061]. — type: DAOM 234091. ex-type: CBS 127809 = DAOM 234091 = IBT 16537 = IBT 24431. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: DQ267916 (alternative markers: BenA = DQ285625; CaM = KJ866995; RPB2 = JN406631).

*Penicillium riverlandense Visagie, K. Jacobs, Persoonia 36: 149, 2016. [MB808269]. — type: CBS H-21606. ex-type: CBS 135896 = DTO 182-F6 = DAOMC 241060 = CV 0979. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: JX091457 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091580; CaM = JX141593; RPB2 = KF303685).

*Penicillium robsamsonii Frisvad & Houbraken, Persoonia 36: 313, 2016. [MB815872]. — type: CBS H-22341. ex-type: CBS 140573 = IBT 29466 = DTO 149-B6. sect Robsamsonia. ITS barcode: KU904339 (alternative markers: BenA = KT698885; CaM = KT698894; RPB2 = KT698904).

*Penicillium rolfsii Thom, Penicillia: 489, 1930. [MB276674]. — type: IMI 40029. ex-type: CBS 368.48 = ATCC 10491 = FRR 1078 = IFO 7735 = IMI 040029 = MUCL 29229 = NRRL 1078 = QM 1961. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: JN617705 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981667; CaM = KF296375; RPB2 = KF296455).

*Penicillium roqueforti Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 82: 35, 1906. [MB213525]. — type: IMI 24313. ex-type: CBS 221.30 = ATCC 10110 = ATCC 1129 = CECT 2905 = IBT 6754 = IFO 5459 = IMI 024313 = LSHBP 93 = NCTC 588 = NRRL 849 = QM 1937. sect Roquefortorum. ITS barcode: EU427296 (alternative markers: BenA = AF000303; CaM = HQ442332; RPB2 = JN406611).

*Penicillium roseomaculatum Biourge, Cellule 33: 301, 1923. [MB276785]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 137962 = IMI 189696 = NRRL 728 = FRR 728. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189755 (alternative markers: BenA = KM089004; CaM = KM089391; RPB2 = KM089778).

*Penicillium roseopurpureum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86, 1901. [MB213447]. — type: IMI 40573. ex-type: CBS 226.29 = ATCC 10492 = ATHUM2895 = FRR 2064 = IMI 040573 = MUCL 28654 = MUCL 29237 = NRRL 2064 = NRRL 2064A. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944605 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606838; CaM = JN606556; RPB2 = JN606613).

*Penicillium roseoviride Stapp & Bortels, Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenk., Abt.2 93: 51, 1935. [MB492646]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 267.35 = ATCC 10412 = IFO 6089 = IMI 039740ii = NRRL 760 = QM 7485. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189549 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088787; CaM = KM089172; RPB2 = KM089559).

*Penicillium rubefaciens Quintan., Mycopathologia 80: 73, 1982. [MB109998]. — type: CBS 145.83. ex-type: CBS 145.83 = CECT 2752. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411677 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834487; CaM = KP016804; RPB2 = JN406627).

*Penicillium rubens Biourge, Cellule 33: 265, 1923. [MB276884]. — type: CBS H-20595. ex-type: CBS 129667 = NRRL 792 = IBT 30129 = ATCC 9783. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: JX997057 (alternative markers: BenA = JF909949; CaM = JX996263; RPB2 = JX996658).

*Penicillium rubidurum Udagawa & Y. Horie, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 14: 381, 1973 ≡ Eupenicillium rubidurum Udagawa & Y. Horie, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 14: 381, 1973. [MB319295]. — type: NHL 6460. ex-type: CBS 609.73 = NRRL 6033 = ATCC 28051 = ATCC 48238 = FRR 1558 = IMI 228551 = NHL 6460. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033462 (alternative markers: BenA = HQ646574; CaM = HQ646585; RPB2 = JN406545).

*Penicillium rudallense Houbraken, Visagie & Pitt, Stud. Mycol. 78: 433, 2014. [MB809972]. — type: CBS H-21867. ex-type: CBS 138162 = FRR 6085 = DTO 056-I4. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM088741 (alternative markers: BenA = KM089126; CaM = KM189504; RPB2 = KM089513).

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