*Talaromyces rademirici (Quintan.) Samson, Yilmaz & Frisvad, Stud. Mycol. 71: 177, 2011 ≡ Penicillium rademirici Quintan., Mycopathologia 91: 69. 1985. [MB560668]. — type: CBS 140.84. ex-type: CBS 140.84 = CECT 2771 = IMI 282406 = IMI 327870. sect Purpurei. ITS barcode: JN899386 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ865734; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = KM023302).

*Talaromyces radicus (A.D. Hocking & Whitelaw) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 71: 177, 2011 ≡ Penicillium radicum A.D. Hocking & Whitelaw, Mycol. Res. 102: 802. 1998. [MB560669]. — type: DAR 72374. ex-type: CBS 100489 = FRR 4718. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: KF984878 (alternative markers: BenA = KF984599; CaM = KF984773; RPB2 = KF985013).

*Talaromyces ramulosus (Visagie & K. Jacobs) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 71: 177, 2011 ≡ Penicillium ramulosum Visagie & K. Jacobs, Mycologia 101: 890. 2009. [MB560670]. — type: PREM 59947. ex-type: DAOM 241660 = CV 2837 = DTO 184-B8. sect Purpurei. ITS barcode: EU795706 (alternative markers: BenA = FJ753290; CaM = JX140711; RPB2 = KM023281).

*Talaromyces rapidus Guevara-Suarez, D. García & Gené, Mycoses 60: 658, 2017. [MB820464]. — type: CBS H-23002. ex-type: CBS 142382 = UTHSC DI16-148 = FMR 14293. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: LT558970 (alternative markers: BenA = LT559087; CaM = LT795600; RPB2 = LT795601).

*Talaromyces reverso-olivaceus A.J. Chen, Frisvad & Samson, Studies in Mycology 84: 141, 2016. [MB817391]. — type: CBS H-22512. ex-type: CBS 140672 = CGMCC 3.18195 = DTO 317-C3. sect Helici. ITS barcode: KU866646 (alternative markers: BenA = KU866834; CaM = KU866730; RPB2 = KU866990).

*Talaromyces ricevillensis Ž. Jurjević & S.W. Peterson, Mycologia 109: 547, 2017. [MB818003] — type: BPI-910151 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 62296. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: KX657343 (alternative markers: BenA = KX657056; CaM = KX657249; RPB2 = KX657582).

*Talaromyces rogersiae Ž. Jurjević & S.W. Peterson, Mycologia 109: 550, 2017. [MB818004] — type: BPI-910149 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 62223. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: KX657332 (alternative markers: BenA = KX657125; CaM = KF196891; RPB2 = KX657581).

*Talaromyces rotundus (Raper & Fennell) C.R. Benj., Mycologia 47: 683, 1955 ≡ Penicillium rotundum Raper & Fennell, Mycologia 40: 518. 1948. [MB306719]. — type: IMI 040589. ex-type: CBS 369.48 = ATCC 10493 = IMI 040589 = NRRL 2107. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: JN899353 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ865730; CaM = KJ885278; RPB2 = KM023275).

*Talaromyces ruber (Stoll) Yilmaz et al., Persoonia 29: 48, 2012 ≡ Penicillium rubrum Stoll, Beitr. Morph. Biol. Char. Penicill.: 35. 1904. [MB801360]. — type: CBS H-21052. ex-type: CBS 132704 = DTO 193-H6 = IBT 10703 = CBS 113137. sect Talaromyces. ITS barcode: JX315662 (alternative markers: BenA = JX315629; CaM = KF741938; RPB2 = JX315700).

*Talaromyces rubicundus (J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 71: 177, 2011 ≡ Penicillium rubicundum J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster, Mycologia 49: 797. 1957. [MB560671]. — type: No. 2531 (A.A. Foster). ex-type: CBS 342.59 = ATCC 13217 = IMI 099723 = NRRL 3400. sect Talaromyces. ITS barcode: JN899384 (alternative markers: BenA = JX494309; CaM = KF741956; RPB2 = KM023296).

*Talaromyces rugulosus (Thom) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 71: 177, 2011 ≡ Penicillium rugulosum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 60. 1910. [MB560672]. — type: IMI 040041. ex-type: CBS 371.48 = ATCC 10128 = IMI 040041 = MUCL 31201 = NRRL 1045. sect Islandici. ITS barcode: KF984834 (alternative markers: BenA = KF984575; CaM = KF984702; RPB2 = KF984925).

*Talaromyces ryukyuensis (S. Ueda & Udagawa) Arx, Persoonia 13: 282, 1987 ≡ Sagenoma ryukyuense S. Ueda & Udagawa, Mycotaxon 20: 499. 1984. [MB132096]. — type: unknown. ex-type: NHL 2917 = DTO 176-I6. sect Helici. ITS barcode: AB176628 (alternative markers: BenA = n.a.; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

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