*Penicillium pagulum Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 102, 2016. [MB811005]. — type: CBS H-22049. ex-type: CBS 139166 = DAOMC 241069 = DTO 183-H2. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JX140898 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141070; CaM = JX157519; RPB2 = KP064655).

*Penicillium palitans Westling, Ark Bot. 11: 83, 1911. [MB203604]. — type: IMI 040215. ex-type: CBS 107.11 = ATCC 10477 = IBT 23034 = IMI 040215 = NRRL 2033 = VKMF-3088. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: KJ834514 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834480; CaM = KU896847; RPB2 = KU904360).

*Penicillium palmense C. Ramírez & A.T. Martínez, Mycopathologia 66: 80, 1978. [MB319289]. — type: CBS 336.79. ex-type: CBS 336.79 = ATCC 38669 = IJFM 3840. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KJ834515 (alternative markers: BenA = GQ367508; CaM = GQ367534; RPB2 = JN406566).

*Penicillium pancosmium Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 108, 2011. [MB563191]. — type: CBS H-20651. ex-type: CBS 276.75 = DAOM 147467 = IBT 29991. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617660 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606790; CaM = JN606446; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium paneum Frisvad, Microbiology 142: 546, 1996. [MB415570]. — type: C 25000. ex-type: CBS 101032 = IBT 21541 = IBT 12407. sect Roquefortorum. ITS barcode: HQ442346 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674387; CaM = HQ442331; RPB2 = KU904361).

*Penicillium panissanguineum Visagie, Ketch & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 275, 2016. [MB815783]. — type: DAOM 695771. ex-type: DAOMC 250562 = CBS 140989 = W 93 = KAS 2209. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KT887862 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887823; CaM = KT887784; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium paradoxum (Fennell & Raper) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 78: 352, 2014 ≡ Aspergillus paradoxus Fennell & Raper, Mycologia 47: 69, 1955 ≡ Hemicarpenteles paradoxus Sarbhoy & Elphick, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 51: 156, 1968. [MB547045]. — type: IMI 061446. ex-type: CBS 527.65 = NRRL 2162 = ATCC 16918 = IMI 061446. sect Paradoxa. ITS barcode: EF669707 (alternative markers: BenA = EF669683; CaM = EF669692; RPB2 = EF669670).

*Penicillium paraherquei S. Abe ex G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 46: 335, 1963 ≡ Penicillium paraherquei S. Abe, J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., Tokyo 2: 131, 1956 (nom. inval., Art. 36). [MB302412]. — type: IMI 68220. ex-type: CBS 338.59 = ATCC 22354 = ATCC 46903 = FAT964 = FRR 3454 = IFO 6234 = IMI 068220 = NRRL 3454. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: AF178511 (alternative markers: BenA = KF296465; CaM = KF296372; RPB2 = KF296449).

*Penicillium parvofructum Guevara-Suarez, Cano-Canals, Cano & Stchigel, Persoonia 38: 353, 2017. [MB819947] — type: CBS H-22733. ex-type: NRRL35203. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: LT559091 (alternative markers: BenA = LT627645; CaM = LT627646; RPB2 = ).

*Penicillium parvulum S.W. Peterson & B.W. Horn, Mycologia 101: 75, 2009. [MB509289]. — type: BPI 877331. ex-type: CBS 132825 = NRRL 35504. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: EF422845 (alternative markers: BenA = EF506218; CaM = EF506225; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium parvum Raper & Fennell, Mycologia 40: 508, 1948 ≡ Carpenteles parvum (Raper & Fennell) Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 6: 79, 1965 ≡ Eupenicillium parvum (Raper & Fennell) Stolk & D.B. Scott, Persoonia 4: 402, 1967. [MB289101]. — type: NRRL 2095. ex-type: CBS 359.48 = ATCC 10479 = IFO 7732 = IMI 040587 = NRRL 2095 = QM 1878. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033460 (alternative markers: BenA = HQ646568; CaM = KF900173; RPB2 = JN406559).

*Penicillium pasqualense Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 108, 2011. [MB563190]. — type: CBS H-20663. ex-type: CBS 126330 = IBT 14235. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617676 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606673; CaM = JN606394; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium paxilli Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 23: 95, 1907. [MB203838]. — type: IMI 40226. ex-type: CBS 360.48 = ATCC 10480 = FRR 2008 = IMI 040226 = NRRL 2008 = QM 725. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944577 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606844; CaM = JN606566; RPB2 = JN606610).

*Penicillium pedernalense Laich & Andrade, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 66: 4384, 2016. [MB817801]. — type: F01-11. ex-type: CBS 140770 = CECT 20949. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KU255398 (alternative markers: BenA = KU255396; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium penarojense Houbraken et al., Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61: 1471, 2011. [MB518024]. — type: HUA 170335. ex-type: CBS 113178 = IBT 23262. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981570 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981646; CaM = KF296381; RPB2 = KF296450).

*Penicillium persicinum L. Wang et al., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 86: 177, 2004. [MB500259]. — type: HMAS 80638-1-4. ex-type: CBS 111235 = AS 3.5891 = IBT 24565. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: JX997072 (alternative markers: BenA = AY495982; CaM = JX996954; RPB2 = JN406644).

*Penicillium philippinense Udagawa & Y. Horie, J. Jap. Bot. 47: 341, 1972. [MB319291]. — type: NHL 6130. ex-type: CBS 623.72 = FRR 1532 = NHL 6130. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411770 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834482; CaM = KP016799; RPB2 = JN406543).

*Penicillium phoeniceum J.F.H. Beyma, Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenk., Abt.2 88: 136, 1933. [MB274284]. — type: IMI 40585. ex-type: CBS 249.32 = ATCC 10481 = IJFM 5122 = IMI 040585 = NRRL 2070 = QM 7608 = VKMF-321. sect Charlesia. ITS barcode: KC411711 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834483; CaM = AY741729; RPB2 = JN406597).

*Penicillium piltunense Kirichuk & Pivkin, Mycological Progress 16: 19, 2017. [MB818671]. — type: LE 312276. ex-type: KMM 4668 (PIBOC). sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: KU358554 (alternative markers: BenA = KU358557; CaM = KU358560; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium pimiteouiense S.W. Peterson, Mycologia 91: 271, 1999. [MB460126]. — type: BPI 806262. ex-type: CBS 102479 = NRRL 25542. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF037431 (alternative markers: BenA = HQ646569; CaM = HQ646580; RPB2 = JN406650).

*Penicillium piscarium Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 86, 1911. [MB211321]. — type: IMI 40032. ex-type: CBS 362.48 = ATCC 10482 = FRR 1075 = IFO 8111 = IMI 040032 = NRRL 1075 = VKMF-1823. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981600 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981668; CaM = KF296379; RPB2 = KF296451).

*Penicillium polonicum K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 445, 1927 ≡ Penicillium aurantiogriseum var. polonicum (K.M. Zalessky) Frisvad & Filt., Mycologia 81: 850, 1990. [MB274889]. — type: CBS 222.28. ex-type: CBS 222.28 = IBT 12821 = IMI 291194 = MUCL 29204 = NRRL 995. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AF033475 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674305; CaM = KU896848; RPB2 = JN406609).

*Penicillium porphyreum Houbraken & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 48, 2011 ≡ Monocillium humicola G.L. Barron, Can. J. Bot. 39: 1575, 1961 ≡ Monocillium humicola var. brunneum M. Chr. & Backus, Mycologia 56: 498, 1964 ≡ Torulomyces brunneus (M. Chr. & Backus) K. Ando, Mycoscience 39: 314, 1998. [MB561959]. — type: NY 00985491 . ex-type: CBS 382.64 = KY 12723. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: KF303666 (alternative markers: BenA = KF303621; CaM = KF303636; RPB2 = KF303677).

*Penicillium psychrosexualis Houbraken & Samson, IMA Fungus 1: 174, 2010. [MB519086]. — type: CBS H-20501. ex-type: CBS 128137 = IBT 29551. sect Roquefortorum. ITS barcode: HQ442345 (alternative markers: BenA = HQ442356; CaM = HQ442330; RPB2 = KU904362).

*Penicillium pullum S.W. Peterson & Sigler, Mycol. Res. 106: 1115, 2002. [MB483982]. — type: BPI 841398. ex-type: CBS 331.48 = ATCC 10447 = NRRL 721 = FRR 721 = IFO 6097 = IMI 39747 = QM 1925 = Thom 5179.4. sect Stolkia. ITS barcode: AF033443 (alternative markers: BenA = JN617719; CaM = AF481134; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium pulvillorum Turfitt, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 23: 186, 1939. [MB275682]. — type: CBS 280.39. ex-type: CBS 280.39 = IFO 7763 = NRRL 2026. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: AF178517 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981670; CaM = KF296377; RPB2 = KF296452).

*Penicillium pulvis Houbraken, Visagie, Samson & Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 78: 429, 2014. [MB809970]. — type: CBS H-21878. ex-type: CBS 138432 = DTO 180-B7. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189632 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088876; CaM = KM089263; RPB2 = KM089650).

*Penicillium punicae H.B. Lee, P.M. Kirk & T.T.T. Nguyen, Fungal Diversity 83: 103, 2017. [MB818233] — type: CNUFC-FP2-1. ex-type: JMRC:SF:12421. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode:  (alternative markers: BenA = KX839673; CaM = KX839671; RPB2 = KX839675).

*Penicillium purpurescens (Sopp) Raper & Thom, A manual of the Penicillia: 177, 1949 ≡ Citromyces purpurascens Sopp, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana, Math.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 11: 117, 1912. [MB335761]. — type: IMI 39745. ex-type: CBS 366.48 = NRRL 720 = FRR 720 = ATCC 10485 = IMI 39745. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189561 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088801; CaM = KM089186; RPB2 = KM089573).

*Penicillium pusillum G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 22: 254, 1939 [MB275810]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 312.63 = FRR 1541 = IMI 089286 = LSHBB147 = NRRL 2498. sect unknown. ITS barcode: EF626951 (alternative markers: BenA = KF932925; CaM = KF932941; RPB2 = KF932995).

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