Penicillium cainii K.G. Rivera, Malloch & Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 70: 147, 2011. [MB563159]. — type: DAOM 239914 (holotype). ex-type: CCFC 239914. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: JN686435 (alternative markers: BenA = JN686366; CaM = JN686389; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium cairnsense Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 83, 2011. [MB563184]. — type: CBS H-20686 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 124325 = IBT 29042. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617669 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606692; CaM = JN606512; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium camemberti Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 82: 33, 1906. [MB175171]. — type: IMI 27831 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 299.48 = ATCC 1105 = ATCC 4845 = FRR 878 = IBT 21508 = IMI 027831 = IMI 092200 = LCP 66.584 = LSHBP 11 = MUCL 29790 = NCTC 582 = NRRL 877 = NRRL 878. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AB479314 (alternative markers: BenA = FJ930956; CaM = KU896825; RPB2 = JN121484).

Penicillium camponotum Visagie, David Clark & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 271, 2016. [MB815779]. — type: DAOM 695762 (holotype). ex-type: DAOMC 250557 = CBS 140982 = NBBR-2-1 = W 471 = KAS 2177. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KT887855 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887816; CaM = KT887777; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium canariense S.W. Peterson & Sigler, Mycol. Res. 106: 1113, 2002. [MB483981]. — type: BPI 841396 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 111720 = NRRL 31003 = IJFM 536 = UAMH 6403. sect Stolkia. ITS barcode: AF481121 (alternative markers: BenA = JN617714; CaM = AF481137; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium canescens Sopp, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana Math.-Nat. Kl. 11: 181, 1912. [MB153765]. — type: IMI 28260 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 300.48 = ATCC 10419 = DSM1215 = FRR 910 = IMI 028260 = MUCL 29169 = NCTC 6607 = NRRL 910 = QM 7550 = VKMF-1148. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: AF033493 (alternative markers: BenA = JX140946; CaM = KJ867009; RPB2 = JN121485).

Penicillium canis S.W. Peterson, J. Clin. Microbiol. 52: 2450, 2014. [MB807056]. — type: BPI 892763 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 62798. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KJ511291 (alternative markers: BenA = KF900167; CaM = KF900177; RPB2 = KF900196).

Penicillium cantabricum Visagie & Samson, Persoonia 36: 142, 2016. [MB808263]. — type: CBS H-21612 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 120415 = DTO 76-I9 = FMR 9121. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: KF303655 (alternative markers: BenA = KF303615; CaM = KF303646; RPB2 = KF303682).

Penicillium caperatum Udagawa & Y. Horie, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 14: 371, 1973 ≡ Eupenicillium caperatum Udagawa and Y. Horie, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 14: 371, 1973. [MB319262]. — type: NHL 6454 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 443.75 = ATCC 28046 = DSM2209 = NHL 6465. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KC411761 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981660; CaM = KF296392; RPB2 = KF296422).

Penicillium capsulatum Raper & Fennell, Mycologia 40: 528, 1948. [MB289079]. — type: IMI 40576 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 301.48 = ATCC 10420 = DSM2210 = FRR 2056 = IJFM 5120 = IMI 040576 = NRRL 2056 = QM 4869 = VKMF-445. sect Ramigena. ITS barcode: AF033429 (alternative markers: BenA = FJ004390; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = JN406582).

Penicillium carneum (Frisvad) Frisvad, Microbiology, UK, 142: 546, 1996 ≡ Penicillium roqueforti var. carneum Frisvad, Mycologia 81: 858, 1990. [MB415652]. — type: IMI 293204 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 112297 = IBT 6884 = IBT 18419 = IMI 293204. sect Roquefortorum. ITS barcode: HQ442338 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674386; CaM = HQ442322; RPB2 = JN406642).

Penicillium cartierense Houbraken, Stud. Mycol. 78: 415, 2014. [MB809960]. — type: CBS H-21861 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 137956 = DTO 092-H9. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189564 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088804; CaM = KM089189; RPB2 = KM089576).

Penicillium caseifulvum Lund, Filt. & Frisvad, J. Food Mycol. 1: 97, 1998. [MB446013]. — type: C 24999 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 101134 = IBT 18282 = IBT 21510. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: KJ834504 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674372; CaM = KU896826; RPB2 = KU904347).

Penicillium catalonicum Visagie & Samson, Persoonia 36: 142, 2016. [MB808265]. — type: CBS H-21610 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 110532 = DTO 78-H5. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: KF303650 (alternative markers: BenA = KF303609; CaM = KF303644; RPB2 = KF303683).

Penicillium cataractarum Visagie, Malloch & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 271, 2016. [MB819777]. — type: DAOM 695763 (holotype). ex-type: DAOMC 250534 = CBS 140974 = W 4 = KAS 2145. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KT887847 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887808; CaM = KT887769; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium catenatum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 24, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium catenatum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 24, 1968. [MB335719]. — type: CBS 352.67 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 352.67 = ATCC 18543 = CSIR 1097 = IFO 31774 = IMI 136241. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411754 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834438; CaM = KP016774; RPB2 = JN121504).

Penicillium cavernicola Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 49: 31, 2004. [MB370976]. — type: CBS H-13441 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 100540 = IBT 14499. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: KJ834505 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834439; CaM = KU896827; RPB2 = KU904348).

Penicillium chalabudae Visagie, IMA Fungus 7: 94, 2016. ≡ Penicillium albocinerascens Chalab., Not. Syst. Crypt. Inst. bot. Acad. Sci. USSR 6: 166 (1950); nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1). [MB816642]. — type: CBS H-15439 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 219.66 = ATCC 18322 = ATCC 18329 = FRR 3393 = VKM F-1037. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KP016811 (alternative markers: BenA = KP016748; CaM = KP016767; RPB2 = KP064572).

Penicillium charlesii G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 18: 90, 1933. [MB260433]. — type: NRRL 778 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 304.48 = ATCC 8730 = CBS 342.51 = CECT 2277 = FRR 778 = IMI 040232 = LSHBBB127 = LSHBP 146 = NRRL 1887 = NRRL 778 = QM 6338 = QM 6838. sect Charlesia. ITS barcode: AF033400 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091508; CaM = AY741727; RPB2 = JN121486).

Penicillium chermesinum Biourge, Cellule 33: 284, 1923. [MB260472]. — type: IMI 191730 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 231.81 = NRRL 2048 = FRR 2048 = IFO 31745 = IMI 191730. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: AY742693 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834441; CaM = AY741728; RPB2 = JN406581).

Penicillium christenseniae Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 85, 2011. [MB563187]. — type: CBS H-20656 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 126236 = IBT 23355. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617674 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606680; CaM = JN606373; RPB2 = JN606624).

Penicillium chroogomphum F Xu, CB Rong & LQ Wang, Mycoscience 57: 82, 2016. [MB813567]. — type: JZBHM 002 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 136204 = KCTC 46041 = JZB 2120005. sect Ramosa. ITS barcode: KC594043 (alternative markers: BenA = KP684056; CaM = KP684057; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium chrysogenum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 58, 1910. [MB165757]. — type: IMI 24314 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 306.48 = ATCC 10106 = ATHUM2889 = CCRC 30564 = FRR 807 = IBT 5233 = IMI 024314 = IMI 092208 = LSHBAd 3 = LSHBP 19 = MUCL 29079 = MUCL 29145 = NCTC 589 = NRRL 807 = NRRL 810 = QM 7500. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: AF033465 (alternative markers: BenA = AY495981; CaM = JX996273; RPB2 = JN121487).

Penicillium chrzaszczii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 464, 1927. [MB260609]. — type: CBS 217.28 (lectotype, Houbraken et al. 2011b). ex-type: CBS 217.28 = FRR 903 = MUCL 29167 = NRRL 1741 = NRRL 903. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: GU944603 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606758; CaM = JN606423; RPB2 = JN606628).

Penicillium cinerascens Biourge, Cellule 33: 308, 1923. [MB260785]. — type: K(M) IMI 92234 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: NRRL 748 = ATCC 48693 = BIOURGE 90 = FRR 748 = IMI 92234 = QM 7555 = Thom 4733.34. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033455 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141041; CaM = JX157405; RPB2 = KP064614).

Penicillium cinereoatrum Chalab., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. 6: 167, 1950. [MB302385]. — type: CBS H-7469 (isotype). ex-type: CBS 222.66 = ATCC 22350 = FRR 3390 = IJFM 5024 = IMI 113676 = VKMF-856. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411700 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834442; CaM = KP125335; RPB2 = JN406608).

Penicillium cinnamopurpureum Udagawa, J. Agric. Food Sci., Tokyo 5: 1, 1959. [MB302386]. — type: IMI 114483 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 429.65 = CBS 847.68 = NRRL 162 = ATCC 18489 = CSIR 936 = FAT 362 = IAM 7016 = IFO 6032 = NHL 6359 = QM 7888. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: EF626950 (alternative markers: BenA = EF626948; CaM = EF626949; RPB2 = JN406533).

Penicillium citreonigrum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86, 1901. [MB165197]. — type: K(M) IMI 92209i (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 258.29 = ATCC 48736 = FRR 761 = IMI 092209 = LSHBP 20 = LSHBP 98 = MUCL 28648 = MUCL 29062 = MUCL 29116 = NRRL 761. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033456 (alternative markers: BenA = EF198621; CaM = EF198628; RPB2 = JN121474).

Penicillium citreosulfuratum Biourge, Cellule 33: 285, 1923. [MB260947]. — type: Cellule 33: fig. 86 no 21 (lectotype), Visagie et al. 2016b; K(M) IMI 92228 (epitype). ex-type: IMI 92228 = DTO 290-I4. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KP016814 (alternative markers: BenA = KP016753; CaM = KP016777; RPB2 = KP064615).

Penicillium citrinum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 61, 1910. [MB165293]. — type: IMI 92196ii (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 139.45 = ATCC 1109 = ATCC 36382 = CECT 2269 = FRR 1841 = IMI 091961 = IMI 092196 = LSHBAd 95 = LSHBP 25 = LSHBP 6 = MUCL 29781 = NRRL 1841 = NRRL 1842. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: AF033422 (alternative markers: BenA = GU944545; CaM = GU944638; RPB2 = JF417416).

Penicillium clavigerum Demelius, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 72: 74, 1923. [MB261069]. — type: IMI 39807 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 310.48 = ATCC 10427 = CBS 255.94 = FRR 1003 = IMI 039807 = IMI 039807ii = MUCL 15623 = NRRL 1003 = QM 1918. sect Penicillium. ITS barcode: DQ339555 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674427; CaM = KU896828; RPB2 = KU904349).

Penicillium clavistipitatum Visagie, Houbraken & K. Jacobs, Stud. Mycol. 78: 419, 2014. [MB809961]. — type: CBS H-21882 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 138650 = DTO 182-E5 = CV 336 = KAS 4112 = DAOM 241092. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189667 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088912; CaM = KM089299; RPB2 = KM089686).

Penicillium cluniae Quintan., Av. Aliment. Mejora Anim. 30: 174, 1990. [MB130240]. — type: Sáez 1532 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 326.89. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KF296406 (alternative markers: BenA = KF296471; CaM = KF296402; RPB2 = KF296424).

Penicillium coccotrypicola Holdom, Y.P. Tan & R.G. Shivas, Fungal Planet 318: 285, 2014. [MB810327]. — type: BRIP 59608 (holotype). ex-type: BRIP 59608. sect Penicillium. ITS barcode: KM605436 (alternative markers: BenA = KM605437; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium coeruleum Sopp apud Biourge, Cellule 33: 102, 1923. [MB446014]. — type: unknown. ex-type: CBS 141.45 = NCTC 6595. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981606 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981655; CaM = KF296393; RPB2 = KF296425).

Penicillium coffeae S.W. Peterson et al., Mycologia 97: 662, 2005. [MB340281]. — type: BPI 863480 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 119387 = IBT 27866 = NRRL 35363. sect Charlesia. ITS barcode: AY742702 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834443; CaM = AY741747; RPB2 = JN121436).

Penicillium colei S.W. Peterson, Ž. Jurjević & Frisvad, PLoS ONE 10: e0121987-p10, 2015. [MB807368]. — type: BPI 881281 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 13013 = IBT 29696. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: KF932958 (alternative markers: BenA = KF932926; CaM = KF932942; RPB2 = KF932996).

Penicillium commune Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 56, 1910. [MB164241]. — type: IMI 39812 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 311.48 = ATCC 10428 = ATCC 1111 = CCRC 31554 = DSM2211 = IBT 6200 = IFO 5763 = IMI 039812ii = IMI 039812iii = NRRL 890 = QM 1269 = VKMF-3233. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AY213672 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674366; CaM = KU896829; RPB2 = KU904350).

Penicillium compactum L. Wang & Houbraken, Persoonia 36: 309, 2016. [MB815870]. — type: HMAS 245701 (holotype). ex-type: AS3.15411 = CBS 138918 = IBT 33393 = DTO 316-B8. sect Robsamsonia. ITS barcode: KM973207 (alternative markers: BenA = KM973203; CaM = KM973200; RPB2 = KT698909).

Penicillium concentricum Samson, Stolk & Hadlock, Stud. Mycol. 11: 17, 1976. [MB319263]. — type: CBS 477.75 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 477.75 = IBT 14571 = IBT 6577. sect Robsamsonia. ITS barcode: KC411763 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674413; CaM = DQ911131; RPB2 = KT900575).

Penicillium confertum (Frisvad, Filt. & Wicklow) Frisvad, Mycologia 81: 852, 1990 ≡ Penicillium glandicola var. confertum Frisvad, Filt. & Wicklow, Can. J. Bot. 65: 769, 1987. [MB126404]. — type: IMI 296930 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 171.87 = IBT 21515 = IBT 3098 = IBT 5672 = IMI 296930 = NRRL 13488 = NRRL A-26904. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: JX997081 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674373; CaM = JX996963; RPB2 = JX996708).

Penicillium consobrinum Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 96, 2016. [MB811002]. — type: CBS H-22045 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 139144 = DAOMC 241072 = DTO 181-H9. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JX140888 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141135; CaM = JX157453; RPB2 = KP064619).

Penicillium contaminatum Houbraken, Stud. Mycol. 78: 419, 2014. [MB809962]. — type: CBS H-21866 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 345.52 = DTO 091-A3 = IMI 049057. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189554 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088793; CaM = KM089178; RPB2 = KM089565).

Penicillium coprobium Frisvad, Mycologia 81: 853, 1990. [MB126405]. — type: IMI 293209 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 561.90 = ATCC 58615 = IBT 21516 = IBT 4583 = IBT 6932. sect Robsamsonia. ITS barcode: DQ339559 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674425; CaM = KU896830; RPB2 = KT900576).

Penicillium coprophilum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Seifert & Samson, Adv. Penicillium Aspergillus Syst.: 145, 1985 ≡ Coremium coprophilum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 10: 363, 1868. [MB114760]. — type: K Cuba Wright 666 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 110760 = IBT 5551 = IBT 3064 = NRRL 13627. sect Robsamsonia. ITS barcode: AF033469 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674421; CaM = KU896831; RPB2 = JN406645).

Penicillium copticola Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 88, 2011. [MB563205]. — type: CBS H-20643 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 127355 = IBT 30771. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617685 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606805; CaM = JN606553; RPB2 = JN606599).

Penicillium coralligerum Nicot & Pionnat, Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 78: 245, 1963 [1962]. [MB335721]. — type: IMI 99159 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 123.65 = ATCC 16968 = FRR 3465 = IFO 9578 = IHEM 4511 = IMI 099159 = LCP 58.1674 = NRRL 3465. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: JN617667 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834444; CaM = KJ866994; RPB2 = JN406632).

Penicillium corvianum Visagie & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 259, 2016. [MB815770]. — type: DAOM 695764 (holotype). ex-type: DAOMC 250517 = CBS 141000 = KAS 3618 = IT-2008-4-D. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: KT887875 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887836; CaM = KT887797; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium corylophilum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86, 1901. [MB178294]. — type: K(M) IMI 39754 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 312.48 = TCC9784 = ATHUM2890 = CECT 2270 = FRR 802 = IMI 039754 = MUCL 28671 = MUCL 29073 = MUCL 29131 = NRRL 802 = QM 7510. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033450 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141042; CaM = KP016780; RPB2 = KP064631).

Penicillium cosmopolitanum Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 91, 2011. [MB563188]. — type: CBS H-20665 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 126995 = IBT 30681. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617691 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606733; CaM = JN606472; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium costaricense Visagie, M. Urb & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 263, 2016. [MB815773]. — type: DAOM 695765 (holotype). ex-type: DAOMC 250520 = CBS 140998 = KAS 2597 = 01-RGTHC-294. sect Charlesia. ITS barcode: KT887873 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887834; CaM = KT887795; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium cravenianum Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 96, 2016. [MB811003]. — type: CBS H-22044 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 139138 = DAOMC 241082 = DTO 180-I5. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JX140900 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141076; CaM = JX157418; RPB2 = KP064636).

Penicillium cremeogriseum Chalab., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. 6: 168, 1950. [MB302390]. — type: CBS 223.60 (neotype, Pitt et al. 2000). ex-type: CBS 223.66 = ATCC 18320 = ATCC 18323 = FRR 1734 = IJFM 5011 = IMI 197492 = NRRL 3389 = VKMF-1034. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981586 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981624; CaM = KF296403; RPB2 = KF296426).

Penicillium crocicola W. Yamam., Sci. Rep. Hyogo Univ. Agric. 2: 28, 1956. [MB302391]. — type: CBS H-7528 (isotype). ex-type: CBS 745.70 = NRRL 6175 = ATCC 18313 = QM 7778. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189581 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834445; CaM = KM089210; RPB2 = JN406535).

Penicillium crustosum Thom, The Penicillia: 399, 1930. [MB262401]. — type: IMI 91917 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 115503 = ATCC 52044 = FRR 1669 = IBT 5528 = IBT 6175 = IMI 091917 = NCTC 4002. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AF033472 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674353; CaM = DQ911132; RPB2 = n.a.).

Penicillium cryptum Goch., Mycotaxon 26: 349, 1986 ≡ Eupenicillium cryptum Goch., Mycotaxon 26: 349, 1986. [MB103648]. — type: NY 769 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 271.89 = ATCC 60138 = IMI 296794 = NRRL 13460. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: KF303647 (alternative markers: BenA = KF303608; CaM = KF303628; RPB2 = JN121478).

Penicillium crystallinum (Kwon-Chung & Fennell) Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 78: 355, 2014. ≡ Aspergillus crystallinus Kwon-Chung & Fennell, The Genus Aspergillus: 471, 1965. [MB809315]. — type: IMI 139270 (neotype, Samson & Gams 1985). ex-type: CBS 479.65 = NRRL 5082 = ATCC 16833 = IMI 139270. sect Paradoxa. ITS barcode: AF033486 (alternative markers: BenA = EF669682; CaM = FJ530973; RPB2 = EF669669).

Penicillium curticaule Visagie & K. Jacobs, Mycological Progress 14: 96-P16, 2015. [MB809818]. — type: CBS H-21334 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 135127 = CV 2842 = DTO 180-D3 = DAOM 241159. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: FJ231021 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091526; CaM = JX141536; RPB2 = KF296417).

Penicillium cvjetkovicii S.W. Peterson, Ž. Jurjević & Frisvad, PLoS ONE 10: e0121987-p12, 2015. [MB807369]. — type: BPI 881283 (holotype). ex-type: NRRL 35841 = IBT 29714. sect Cinnamopurpurea. ITS barcode: KF932963 (alternative markers: BenA = KF932931; CaM = KF932948; RPB2 = KF933002).

Penicillium cyaneum (Bainier & Sartory) Biourge, Cellule 33: 102, 1923 ≡ Citromyces cyaneus Bainier & Sartory, Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 29: 157, 1913. [MB251712]. — type: IMI 39744 (neotype, Pitt 1980). ex-type: CBS 315.48 = ATCC 10432 = FRR 775 = IFO 5337 = IMI 039744 = NRRL 775 = QM 7516. sect Ramigena. ITS barcode: AF033427 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091552; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = JN406575).

Penicillium cyclopium Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 90, 1911. [MB156739]. — type: IMI 089372 (holotype). ex-type: CBS 144.45 = ATCC 8731 = ATHUM2888 = CECT 2264 = DSM1250 = IBT 5130 = IMI 089372 = LSHBP 123 = MUCL 15613 = NRRL 1888 = QM 6839 = VKMF-265. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: JN097811 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674310; CaM = KU896832; RPB2 = JN985388).

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