*Penicillium abidjanum Stolk, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 34: 49, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium abidjanum Stolk, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 34: 49, 1968. [MB335705]. — type: CBS 246.67. ex-type: CBS 246.67 = ATCC 18385 = FRR 1156 = IMI 136244. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981582 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981650; CaM = KF296383; RPB2 = JN121469).

*Penicillium adametzii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Int. Acad. Polon. Sci., Sér. B., Sci. Nat. 1927: 507, 1927. [MB119777]. — type: IMI 39751. ex-type: CBS 209.28 = ATCC 10407 = IMI 039751 = MUCL 29106 = NRRL 737. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: JN714929 (alternative markers: BenA = JN625957; CaM = KC773796; RPB2 = JN121455).

*Penicillium adametzioides S. Abe ex G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 46: 335, 1963 ≡ Penicillium adametzioides S. Abe, J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 2: 68, 1956 (nom. inval., Art. 36). [MB302372]. — type: IMI 068227. ex-type: CBS 313.59 = ATCC 18306 = FAT1302 = IFO 6055 = IMI 068227 = NRRL 3405 = QM 7312. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: JN686433 (alternative markers: BenA = JN799642; CaM = JN686387; RPB2 = JN406578).

*Penicillium aeris Visagie & Samson, Persoonia 36: 139, 2016. [MB808262]. — type: CBS H-21608. ex-type: CBS 135897 = DTO 207-D4. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: KF303654 (alternative markers: BenA = KF303614; CaM = KF303627; RPB2 = KF303681).

*Penicillium albocoremium (Frisvad) Frisvad, Int. Mod. Tax. Meth. Pen. Asp. Clas.: 275, 2000 ≡ Penicillium hirsutum var. albocoremium Frisvad, Mycologia 81: 856, 1990. [MB459817]. — type: IMI 285511. ex-type: CBS 472.84 = FRR 2931 = IBT 10682 = IBT 21502 = IMI 285511. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AJ004819 (alternative markers: BenA = KU896812; CaM = KU896819; RPB2 = KU904344).

*Penicillium alexiae Visagie Houbraken & Samson, Persoonia 31: 59, 2013. [MB803785]. — type: CBS H-21142. ex-type: CBS 134558. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: KC790400 (alternative markers: BenA = KC773778; CaM = KC773803; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium alfredii Visagie, Seifert & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 78: 116, 2014. [MB809180]. — type: CBS H-21800. ex-type: CBS 138224 = DTO 269A4. sect unclassified. ITS barcode: KJ775684 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ775177; CaM = KJ775411; RPB2 = KJ834520).

*Penicillium allii Vincent & Pitt, Mycologia 81: 300, 1989 ≡ Penicillium hirsutum var. allii (Vincent & Pitt) Frisvad, Mycologia 81: 855, 1989. [MB125498]. — type: MU Vincent 114. ex-type: CBS 131.89 = IMI 321505 = NRRL 13630 = ATCC 64636 = IMI 321506. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AJ005484 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674331; CaM = KU896820; RPB2 = KU904345).

*Penicillium allii-sativi Frisvad, Houbraken & Samson, Persoonia 29: 89, 2012. [MB801873]. — type: CBS H-21058. ex-type: CBS 132074 = DTO 149A8 = IBT 26507 = LJC 206. sect Chrysogena. ITS barcode: JX997021 (alternative markers: BenA = JX996891; CaM = JX996232; RPB2 = JX996627).

*Penicillium alogum Visagie, Frisvad & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 263, 2016. [MB815772]. — type: DAOM 695759. ex-type: DAOMC 250543 = CBS 140996 = IBT 23947= KAS 2475. sect Stolkia. ITS barcode: KT887869 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887830; CaM = KT887791; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium alutaceum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 17, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium alutaceum D.B. Scott, Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 36: 17, 1968. [MB335708]. — type: CBS 317.67. ex-type: CBS 317.67 = ATCC 18542 = FRR 1158 = IFO 31728 = IMI 136243. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: AF033454 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834430; CaM = KP016768; RPB2 = JN121489).

*Penicillium amaliae Visagie, Houbraken & K. Jacobs, Persoonia 31: 52, 2013. [MB803784]. — type: CBS H-21141. ex-type: CBS 134209 = CV 1875 = DTO 183F3 = DAOM 241034. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: JX091443 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091563; CaM = JX141557; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium amphipolaria Visagie, Malloch & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 269, 2016. [MB815777]. — type: DAOM 695760. ex-type: DAOMC 250551 = CBS 140997 = W 284 = KAS 2555. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: KT887872 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887833; CaM = KT887794; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium anatolicum Stolk, Antonie van Leenwenhoek 34: 46, 1968 ≡ Eupenicillium anatolicum Stolk, Antonie van Leenwenhoek 34: 46, 1968. [MB335710]. — type: CBS 479.66. ex-type: CBS 479.66 = IBT 30764. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: AF033425 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606849; CaM = JN606571; RPB2 = JN606593).

*Penicillium angulare S.W. Peterson, E.M. Bayer & Wicklow, Mycologia 96: 1289, 2004. [MB487891]. — type: BPI 842268. ex-type: CBS 130293 = IBT 27051 = NRRL 28157. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: AF125937 (alternative markers: BenA = KC773779; CaM = KC773804; RPB2 = JN406554).

*Penicillium angustiporcatum Takada & Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 24: 143, 1983 ≡ Eupenicillium angustiporcatum Takada & Udagawa, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 24: 143, 1983. [MB108322]. — type: NHL 6481. ex-type: CBS 202.84. sect Gracilenta. ITS barcode: KC411690 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834431; CaM = n.a.; RPB2 = JN406617).

*Penicillium annulatum Visagie & K. Jacobs, Mycological Progress 14: 96-P14, 2015. [MB809817]. — type: CBS H-21333. ex-type: CBS 135126 = CV 37 = DTO 180-G7. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: JX091426 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091514; CaM = JX141545; RPB2 = KF296410).

*Penicillium antarcticum A.D. Hocking & C.F. McRae, Polar Biol. 21: 103, 1999. [MB482749]. — type: DAR 72813. ex-type: CBS 100492 = FRR 4989. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: KJ834503 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834432; CaM = KP016826; RPB2 = JN406653).

*Penicillium aotearoae Visagie & Seifert, Persoonia 36: 265, 2016. [MB815774]. — type: PDD 107543. ex-type: DAOMC 250538 = CBS 140999 = KAS 3088. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: KT887874 (alternative markers: BenA = KT887835; CaM = KT887796; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicilliumarabicum Baghd., Novosti Sist. Nizsh. Rast. 5: 105, 1968. [MB335711]. — type: CBS H-7471. ex-type: CBS 414.69 = ATCC 22347 = DSM2205 = FRR 507 = IMI 140335 = VKMF-1077. sectExilicaulis. ITS barcode: KC411758 (alternative markers: BenA = KP016750; CaM = KP016770; RPB2 = KP064574).

*Penicillium araracuaraense Houbraken, et al., Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61: 1469, 2011. [MB518025]. — type: HUA 170334. ex-type: CBS 113149 = IBT 23247. sect Lanata-Divaricata. ITS barcode: GU981597 (alternative markers: BenA = GU981642; CaM = KF296373; RPB2 = KF296414).

*Penicillium ardesiacum Novobr., Novosti Sist. Nizsh. Rast. 11: 228, 1974. [MB319257]. — type: IMI 174719. ex-type: CBS 497.73 = ATCC 24719 = FRR 1479 = IFO 30540 = IMI 174719 = VKMF-1749. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189565 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088805; CaM = KM089190; RPB2 = KM089577).

*Penicillium argentinense Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 78, 2011. [MB563185]. — type: CBS H-20461. ex-type: CBS 130371 = IBT 30761. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN831361 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606815; CaM = JN606549; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium arianeae Visagie, Houbraken & Samson, Persoonia 31: 59, 2013. [MB803786]. — type: CBS H-21143. ex-type: CBS 134559. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: KC773833 (alternative markers: BenA = KC773784; CaM = KC773811; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium arizonense Frisvad, Grijseels & J.C. Nielsen, Scientific Reports 6: srep35112 p. 8 [MB817128]. — type: Herb. C-F-101845. ex-type: IBT 12289 = CBS 141311. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: LXJU00000000 (alternative markers: BenA = LXJU00000000; CaM = LXJU00000000; RPB2 = LXJU00000000).

*Penicillium armarii Houbraken, et al. Stud. Mycol. 78: 410, 2014. [MB809955]. — type: CBS H-21870. ex-type: CBS 138171 = DTO 235-F1. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189758 (alternative markers: BenA = KM089007; CaM = KM089394; RPB2 = KM089781).

*Penicillium astrolabium R. Serra & S.W. Peterson, Mycologia 99: 80, 2007. [MB504766]. — type: BPI 872160. ex-type: CBS 122427 = NRRL 35611 = MUM 06.161. sect Brevicompacta. ITS barcode: DQ645804 (alternative markers: BenA = DQ645793; CaM = DQ645808; RPB2 = JN406634).

*Penicillium athertonense Houbraken, Stud. Mycol. 78: 412, 2014. [MB809956]. — type: CBS H-21874. ex-type: CBS 138161 = DTO 030-C2. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189462 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088690; CaM = KM089075; RPB2 = KM089462).

*Penicillium atramentosum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bur. Animal Industr. Bull. 118: 65, 1910. [MB237291]. — type: IMI 39752. ex-type: CBS 291.48 = ATCC 10104 = FRR 795 = IBT 6616 = IFO 8137 = IMI 039752 = IMI 039752ii = LSHBP 1 = MUCL 29071 = MUCL 29126 = NRRL 795 = QM 7483. sect Paradoxa. ITS barcode: AF033483 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674402; CaM = FJ530964; RPB2 = JN406584).

*Penicillium atrofulvum Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 80, 2011. [MB563183]. — type: CBS H-20650. ex-type: CBS 109.66 = DTO 31B2 = FRR 799 = IBT 30032 = IBT 29667. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617663 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606677; CaM = JN606387; RPB2 = JN606620).

*Penicillium atrolazulinum Visagie & K. Jacobs, IMA Fungus 7: 91, 2016. [MB811001]. — type: CBS H-22043. ex-type: CBS 139136 = DAOMC 241083 = DTO 180-H4. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JX140913 (alternative markers: BenA = JX141077; CaM = JX157416; RPB2 = KP064575).

*Penicillium atrosanguineum B.X. Dong, Ceská Mycol. 27: 174, 1973. [MB319260]. — type: PRC 1397. ex-type: CBS 380.75 = FRR 1726 = IMI 197488. sect Exilicaulis. ITS barcode: JN617706 (alternative markers: BenA = KJ834435; CaM = KP016771; RPB2 = JN406557).

*Penicillium atrovenetum G. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 39: 112, 1956. [MB302377]. — type: IMI 061837. ex-type: CBS 241.56 = ATCC 13352 = FRR 2571 = IFO 8138 = IMI 061837 = LSHBSm683 = QM 6963. sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: AF033492 (alternative markers: BenA = JX140944; CaM = KJ867004; RPB2 = JN121467).

*Penicillium attenuatum Kirichuk & Pivkin, Mycological Progress 16: 21, 2017. [MB818673]. — type: LE 312279. ex-type: KMM 4671 (PIBOC). sect Canescentia. ITS barcode: KU358555 (alternative markers: BenA = KU358558; CaM = KU358561; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium aurantiacobrunneum Houbraken, Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 70: 80, 2011. [MB563206]. — type: CBS H-20662. ex-type: CBS 126228 = IBT 18753. sect Citrina. ITS barcode: JN617670 (alternative markers: BenA = JN606702; CaM = JN606522; RPB2 = n.a.).

*Penicillium aurantiogriseum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 88, 1901. [MB247956]. — type: IMI 195050. ex-type: CBS 249.89 = ATCC 48920 = FRR 971 = IBT 14016 = IMI 195050 = MUCL 29090 = NRRL 971. sect Fasciculata. ITS barcode: AF033476 (alternative markers: BenA = AY674296; CaM = KU896822; RPB2 = JN406573).

*Penicillium aurantioviolaceum Biourge, Cellule 33: 282, 1923. [MB257885]. — type: CBS H-21954. ex-type: CBS 137777 = NRRL 762 = ATCC 14974. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189756 (alternative markers: BenA = KM089005; CaM = KM089392; RPB2 = KM089779).

*Penicillium austricola Visagie & K. Jacobs, Persoonia 36: 139, 2016. [MB805184]. — type: CBS H-21605. ex-type: CBS 135900 = DTO 183-E6 = DAOMC 241066 = CV 1842. sect Torulomyces. ITS barcode: JX091466 (alternative markers: BenA = JX091579; CaM = JX141600; RPB2 = KF303705).

*Penicillium austroafricanum Houbraken & Visagie, Stud. Mycol. 78: 412, 2014. [MB809957]. — type: CBS H-21864. ex-type: CBS 137773 = DTO 133-G5. sect Aspergilloides. ITS barcode: KM189610 (alternative markers: BenA = KM088854; CaM = KM089241; RPB2 = KM089628).

*Penicillium austrosinicum X.C. Wang & W.Y. Zhuang, Scientific Reports 7: 3, 2017. [MB570338] — type: HMAS 248734. ex-type: CGMCC 3.18410. sect Sclerotiora. ITS barcode: KX885061 (alternative markers: BenA = KX885041; CaM = KX885051; RPB2 = KX885032).

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