Aspergillus P. Micheli ex Haller, emended description

Generic type: Aspergillus glaucus (L.) Link

Vegetative mycelium hyaline to brightly pigmented. Conidiophores (aspergillum) consisting of thick-walled basal cells (foot cell) producing stalks, usually aseptate and unbranched, terminating in inflated apex (vesicle) which can be globose, ellipsoidal to clavate; conidiophores in some species may be septate, lack a foot cell, lack a veiscle, or consisting of single conidiogenous cells with one to several loci. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, producing dry conidial chains borne directly on the vesicle (uniseriate) or on metulae (biseriate); in a few species, appearing to be annellidic or polyphialidic. Conidia greatly varing in colour, size, shape and ornamentation. Cleistothecia of various structures produced by some species with mostly a thin ascoma wall consisting of a single layer of hyphal networks, sometimes covered by layers of Hülle cells or sclerotium-like. Asci globose usually containing eight ascospores. Ascospores often lenticular, hyaline or coloured, varying in size, shape and ornamentation. Sclerotia or sclerotium-like structures regularly present in some species, varying in colour, size and shape, consisting of thickwalled cells, sometimes containing ascigerous structures. Hülle cells sometimes covering cleistothecia or occurring in compact masses in the mycelium, varying in shape and size, but mostly thick-walled and hyaline.

 

≡ AspergillusP. Micheli, Nov. Pl. Gen.: 212, t. 92,1729. [MB39019]. anamorphic synonym.

= EurotiumLink, Mag. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 31, t. 2:44, 1809. [MB1942]. teleomorphic synonym.

= BriareaCorda, Deutschl. Fl. (Sturm), Abt. 3, Pilze Deutschl. 2–6: 11, 1831,fideRaper & Fennell 1965. [MB7448]. anamorphic synonym.

?= CladaspergillusRitgen, Schr. Marb. Ges.: 89, 1831,fideSaccardo 1901. [MB7673]. anamorphic synonym.

?= SceptromycesCorda, Deutschl. Fl. (Sturm), Abt. 3, Pilze Deutschl. 3–11: 7, 1831,fideEngelke 1902 (q.v.). [MB9797]. anamorphic synonym.

 ?= RhodocephalusCorda, Icon. Fung. (Prague) 1: 21, 1837, see Samsonet al.2011. [MB9736]. anamorphic synonym.

?= AcmosporiumCorda, Icon. Fung. (Prague) 3: 11, 1839,fideHughes 1958, Seifertet al.2011. [MB7022]. anamorphic synonym.

= MoniligerLetell. 1839,fideSeifert, Gams, based on the protologue. [MB1839]. anamorphic synonym.

?= SphaeromycesMont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 4: 365, 1845,fideCarmichaelet al. 1980. [MB9985]. anamorphic synonym.

=EmericellaBerk., Intr. Crypt. Bot. (London): 340, 1857. [MB1772]. teleomorphic synonym.

=SterigmatocystisC.E. Cramer, Vierteljahrsschr. Naturforsch. Ges. Zürich 4: 326, 1859,fideClements & Shear 1931, Raper & Fennell 1965 (q.v.). [MB 10091]. anamorphic synonym.

=OtomycesHallier, Z. Parasitenk. (Jena): 202, 1869,cf. Raper & Fennell 1965. [MB9176]. anamorphic synonym.

?=GutturomycesRivolta, Dei Parassiti Vegetali: 579, 1873,fideDict. Fungi 10thed. [MB8406]. anamorphic synonym.

=BasidiellaCooke, Grevillea 6: 118, 1878,fideSeifert 1985. [MB7334]. anamorphic synonym.

=AlliosporaPim, J. Bot., London: 234, 1883fideAl-Musallam. [MB7098]. anamorphic synonym.

=TheclosporaHarkn., Bull. California Acad. Sci. 1: 41, 1884,fidePeek & Solheim 1958, Raper & Fennell 1965. [MB5414]. teleomorphic synonym (= Emericella).

=PyrobolusKuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 868, 1891,fideKuntze 1891, Dict. Fungi 10thed. [MB4621]. teleomorphic synonym (=Eurotium).

=EuaspergillusF. Ludw., Lehrb. Niederen Kryptog. (Stuttgart): 258, 1892,fideRaper & Fennell 1965. [MB8213]. teleomorphic synonym.

=StilbothamniumHenn., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 542, 1897,fideRoquebert & Abadie 1973, Samson 1979, Samson & Seifert 1985. [MB10117]. anamorphic synonym.

=AspergillopsisSpeg., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 20: 434, 1910,fideRaper & Fennell 1965. [MB9176]. anamorphic synonym.

=RhopalocystisGrove, J. Econ. Biol.: 40, 1911,fideRaper & Fennell 1965. [MB9745]. anamorphic synonym (=Aspergillopsis).

=SartoryaVuill., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Sér. D184: 136, 1927,fideMalloch & Cain 1972, Samson 1979. [MB4867]. teleomorphic synonym (=Neosartorya)

=DiplostephanusLangeron, Crypt. Fr. Exs.: 344, 1922,fideThom & Raper 1945, Raper & Fennell 1965. [MB1625]. teleomorphic synonym. teleomorphic synonym (= Emericella).

=RedaëlliaCif., Arch. Protistenk. 71: 424, 1930,fideAlecrim, Ann. Fac. Med. Univ. Recife 18: 81, 1958. [MB9699]. anamorphic synonym.

=CladosarumE. Yuill & J.L. Yuill, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 22: 199, 1938,fideRaper & Fennell 1965. [MB7679]. anamorphic synonym.

= Royella R.S. Dwivedi, Proc. Indian Sci. Cong. 47.3: 320-321, 1960,fideScott 1970, Vargaet al.2007. [MB4801]. anamorphic synonym (=Dichotomomyces).

=PolypaecilumG. Sm., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 44: 437, 1961. [MB9503]. anamorphic synonym.

=DichotomomycesSaito ex D.B. Scott, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 55: 313, 1970. [MB1520]. teleomorphic synonym.

=ChaetosartoryaSubram., Curr. Sci. 41: 761, 1972. [MB965]. teleomorphic synonym.

=EdyuilliaSubram., Curr. Sci. 41: 756, 1972,fideSamson 1979. [MB1747]. teleomorphic synonym (=Eurotium).

=SyncleistostromaSubram., Curr. Sci. 41: 756, 1972,fideSamson 1979, see also Malloch & Cain 1972. [MB5333]. teleomorphic synonym (=Petromyces).

=FennelliaB.J. Wiley & E.G. Simmons, Mycologia 65: 936, 1973. [MB1984]. teleomorphic synonym.

=GymnoeurotiumMalloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 50: 2619, 1973,fideSamson 1979, Benny & Kimbrough 1980. [MB2173]. teleomorphic synonym (=Edyuillia=Eurotium).

=HarpezomycesMalloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 50: 2619, 1973,fideSamson 1979, Von Arx 1987. [MB2249]. teleomorphic synonym (=Chaetosartorya).

=PetromycesMalloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 50: 2623, 1973. [MB3854]. teleomorphic synonym.

=NeosartoryaMalloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 50: 2620, 1973. [MB3480]. teleomorphic synonym.

=HemisartoryaJ.N. Rai & H.J. Chowdhery, Kavaka 3: 73, 1976,fideSamson 1979, Samson & Gams 1985. [MB2286]. teleomorphic synonym (=Neosartorya)

=SaitoaRajendran & Muthappa, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Sect. B 89: 185, 1980. [MB4830]. teleomorphic synonym.

=CristasporaFort & Guarro, Mycologia 76: 1115, 1984. [MB25633]. teleomorphic synonym.

=NeopetromycesFrisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 45: 204, 2000. [MB28424]. teleomorphic synonym.

=NeocarpentelesUdagawa & Uchiy., Mycoscience 43: 4, 2002. [MB28596]. teleomorphic synonym.

=PhialosimplexSigler,et al., Med. Mycol. 48: 338, 2010. [MB513392]. anamorphic synonym.

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